Uterine cancer is a type of tumor that develops in the area of uterus. This cancer kills more than 40,000 people every year in America. This cancer is also known as endometrial cancer. Symptoms of this tumor are very difficult to detect. This tumor usually gets diagnosed in the advanced stages and tends to develop at a rapid rate. If proper preventive steps are taken the occurrence of this tumor can be avoided. Uterine cancer diagnosis includes all the techniques that are conducted to detect the location of the tumor and its widespread throughout the body. Uterine cancer detection done at early stages helps to start the treatment within proper time and thus prevents the spread of the tumor.Uterine Cancer Diagnosis:-
Uterine cancer detections are done by conducting several tests. These tests include:-
Explanation of Uterine cancer diagnosis:-
- Endometrial Biopsy
- Dilation and Curettage
- Positron Emission Tomography
- Magnetic Resource Imaging
- Blood Tests
- Endometrial Biopsy :-
This test is known for giving an accurate diagnosis of this tumor. In this test a small cut is made in the area of uterus. Then a small tube is inserted in the area of uterus and the samples of malignant cells are taken out. Later this sample is examined with the help of several tests and the type of tumor and its widespread throughout the body is detected. This tumor is later removed with the help of surgery.
- Dilation and Curettage :-
Dilation and Curettage is considered as one of the finest test for diagnosing this tumor. A local anaesthesia is given before conducting this test. Later the cervix area is widened and a small part of the tumor is removed. This part is later examined by conducting several tests. If the tumor is of small type it is removed with the help of surgery and if the size of the tumor is big, Chemotherapy or radiation therapy are performed.
- Positron Emission Tomography :-
This technique is considered as the latest breakthrough in the diagnosis department. This technique involves the use of radioactive glucose for detecting the tumor. The malignant cells of this tumor tend to consume more glucose than the normal ones. So in this procedure more amount of glucose is injected into the body. The malignant cells near the tumor area try to cosume a large amount of this glucose. Later radioactive waves are passed throughout the body and the spread of these malignant cells throughout the body is detected. This procedure helps to give an accurate diagnosis of the tumor but is generally avoided if the patient is found to be diabetic.
- Magnetic Resource Imaging :-
This test is considered as the common technique for diagnose the tumor. In this technique highly transmissible radioactive waves are used. These waves travel throughout the area of the location and magnetic substances give a graphical analysis of the area of tumor, tumor type and the widespread of the malignant cells. These graphs are later examined and the type of treatment to be undertaken is decided.
- Transvaginal Ultrasound :-
This test involves the use of sound waves for the detection of the tumor. This test is considered as the most common test conducted for uterine cancer detection. In this test certain sound waves are releases at the location of the tumor in a typical manner. When these waves travel throughout the location a graphical picture of the tumor gets developed. Later these pictures are examined and the type of tumor is diagnosed.
Uterine cancer diagnosis has to done as soon as the symptoms of this tumor are observed. Early Uterine cancer detection helps to cure the tumor successfully. Consultation of a reputed surgeon is recommended for the diagnosis of this tumor.
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